Finding room for “me time” during a stressful work week is no simple task. But in some places it’s easier than others, according to a recent study.
Security company Kisi surveyed 40 cities around the world to discover where residents have the best work-life balance, scoring based on employment factors, such as average commute times, working hours and holiday leave, along with wellbeing and civic rights.
These are the cities with the best work-life balance.
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1. Helsinki, Finland
Helsinki residents enjoy the world’s best work-life balance, with a comparatively short 40-hour work week and a low average commute time of 26 minutes.
Minimum holiday leave is 30 days, which is one of the highest of any country in the survey. Helsinki also offers generous paid parental leave, which at 1,127 days, is far more than other countries, with the exception of Hungary.
2. Munich, Germany
The first of three German cities in the top 10, Munich is the lowest-stress city on the list. The average work week is longer than Helsinki's by just one hour, and commute times are longer by one minute.
There are some pronounced differences between the top two cities. In the Bavarian capital, minimum holiday leave is just 20 days, though most employees take almost 30 days on average. Parents can take 406 days of paid leave, about one-third the time they can take in Helsinki.
3. Oslo, Norway
Of the cities surveyed, Oslo residents work the fewest hour per week (38.9), and only a small percentage of people work more than 48.
The city provides generous paid leave for parents and has the highest gender equality score of all cities surveyed, followed by Stockholm and Helsinki. It also leads the way in access to mental health services.
4. Hamburg, Germany
Like Munich, Hamburg has a 41-hour work week and is a relatively low-stress place to live and work, although not quite as safe.
Germany is the only country with more than one city in the top 10. All three of those cities have short work weeks balanced with family-friendly policies. Leisure plays an important role in the lives of Germans.
5. Stockholm, Sweden
Sweden’s government has taken steps to help the population balance work commitments with home life.
Stockholm scored 76.9 for gender equality, the second highest in the survey. This is partly due to flexible working hours and the structure of parental leave. Social equality is high throughout the city, too, with LGBT+ equality reaching 100%.
What's the World Economic Forum doing about the future of cities?
Cities represent humanity's greatest achievements - and greatest challenges. From inequality to air pollution, poorly designed cities are feeling the strain as 68% of humanity is predicted to live in urban areas by 2050.
The World Economic Forum supports a number of projects designed to make cities cleaner, greener and more inclusive.
These include hosting the Global Future Council on Cities and Urbanization, which gathers bright ideas from around the world to inspire city leaders, and running the Future of Urban Development and Services initiative. The latter focuses on how themes such as the circular economy and the Fourth Industrial Revolution can be harnessed to create better cities. To shed light on the housing crisis, the Forum has produced the report Making Affordable Housing a Reality in Cities.
6. Berlin, Germany
Employees in Berlin arrive for work around 10am on average, later than the other German cities in the top 10, but still ahead of many other places in the list. The average commute is marginally longer, but stress levels in Berlin are more than double those of Hamburg and more than three times higher than in Munich.
7. Zurich, Switzerland
In Zurich, people work the longest hours of any city in the top 10 and experience some of the longest commutes.
Access to mental health services is the second best, however, and the city enjoys one of the lowest stress levels, topped only by Munich.
Switzerland’s most populous city has low air pollution and leads the survey in terms of the wellness and fitness of its residents.
8. Barcelona, Spain
There is pressure to do away with the tradition of long lunches and afternoon siestas in some Spanish cities. In Barcelona, workers put in almost 41 hours each week, which is much the same as the other places in the top 10.
When they are not working, the city’s residents take more holidays than those in other cities, with an average of 30.5 days, higher than the required minimum of 22 days.
9. Paris, France
Workers in the French capital have the longest commute time among the top 10, at an average of 44 minutes, compared with 26 minutes in Helsinki. But both cities share a generous holiday allowance of 30 days.
10. Vancouver, Canada
Vancouver is the only city outside Europe in the top 10. For most residents, the commute to work takes just over half an hour. And the work week is around 40 hours – similar to most others in the top 10.
Like their neighbour the United States, however, Canadians have limited paid holiday leave – Vancouver residents have just 10 days’ paid leave, though residents take more than 15 on average.