- 2019 saw several pivotal moments for gender equality and equal rights.
- Notable moments include an all-women spacewalk, Esther Dufflo's Nobel Prize win and a record-breaking year in sport.
From the first all-woman spacewalk to Sudanese women leading the country’s revolution, the last 12 months have seen some incredible achievements by and for women.
2020, is expected to be an even bigger year for women’s rights worldwide. It will mark several milestones, such as the 25th anniversary of the Beijing Platform for Action, the most progressive global agenda for women’s rights adopted by 189 countries in 1995, and five years since the adoption of the Sustainable Development Goals, among others.
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Women’s rights can’t wait, won’t wait.
As 2019 came to an end, we took a look back at some of the memorable moments for gender equality and women’s rights around the world.
1. All-woman spacewalk
NASA Astronauts Jessica Meir and Christina Koch took part in the first all-women spacewalk in October when they ventured out of the International Space Station to replace a power controller.
In March, a planned all-women spacewalk had to be postponed when the team realized NASA didn’t have two appropriately sized spacesuits [for women], indicative of the legacy of sexism that women in STEM fields face.
2. US soccer team demanded equal pay
After winning their fourth FIFA Women’s World Cup in July, the US Women’s National Team turned their attention to their off-the-field goals: Equal pay for work of equal value.
Leading up to the tournament, players filed a lawsuit demanding equal pay as compared to their male counterparts.
The US Women’s team has seen far more success than the men’s and has produced more revenue in the last two years, but still does not earn equally.
3. Greta Thunberg sparks a global movement for #ClimateAction
Greta Thunberg, the 16-year-old activist from Sweden, became the face of a global movement for climate change in 2019. Thunberg’s movement started with her skipping school and camping out in front of the Swedish Parliament, demanding action to protect the planet for future generations, and grew to a global strike. In September 2019, Thunberg sailed across the Atlantic on an emissions-free boat to speak at the UN Climate Summit in New York, where she condemned world leaders for their lack of action.
“You all come to us young people for hope. How dare you?” she said. “You have stolen my dreams and my childhood with your empty words, and yet, I’m one of the lucky ones. People are suffering. People are dying. Entire ecosystems are collapsing.”
4. Esther Duflo wins Nobel Prize in Economics, becoming only the second (and youngest) woman to win the award
Esther Duflo, 46, won the Nobel Prize in Economics, alongside her husband Abhijit Banerjee and Michael Kremer. Duflo and her colleagues worked on an approach to alleviate global poverty and explored the causes of poverty, and how those living in poverty respond to education, healthcare, agriculture and other programmes.
5. Period emoji becomes available
Part of efforts to end stigma and break the persisting silence around menstruation, the new period emoji — a drop of blood — became available this year. The emoji released as part of an Apple update, came after a Plan International UK campaign pushed for the icon. Emojis are one of the fastest growing global languages, and the period emoji aims to help women and girls discuss their menstrual cycles.
6. First-ever image of a Black Hole is made possible by scientist Katie Bouman
The world got its first image of a black hole in April, thanks to Katie Bouman, a 29 year-old PhD candidate in the US. Bouman and her team created the algorithm that led to the image of a supermassive black hole in the Messier 87 galaxy. The image will help revolutionize the understanding of black holes going forward
7. Record-breaking year for women in sport
Women athletes had a record-breaking year in 2019 too, setting up whole new batch of role-models for girls around the world and proving that women can be just as (or even more) successful than any man in sport.
UN Women Goodwill Ambassador and Brazilian soccer superstar Marta scored her 17th World Cup goal, making her the top-scorer in tournament history for both men and women. In celebration of her record-breaking goal, Marta pointed to her cleat, where an equal sign in pink and blue signified her commitment to gender equality in sport and beyond.
USA Gymnast Simone Biles, 22, became the most decorated gymnast in the world after winning her 25th world medal. At the World Championships in Germany, Biles took home 5 golds, tying and then passing the previous record-holder.
Shelly-Ann Fraser-Pryce, 32, cemented her place as one of the greatest women sprinters of all time by winning her fourth world championship title in the 100 metres, and eighth world title overall.
Only a year after completing treatment for breast cancer, Sarah Thomas became the first woman to swim the English Channel non-stop four times. The 37-year-old completed the 130-mile swim in just over 54 hours, dedicating her swim to her fellow cancer survivors.
8. Landmark ruling in Spain after a gang-rape case
A young woman from Spain was finally awarded justice after being raped in 2016 by a group of men who referred to themselves as la manada (the wolf pack). A lower court verdict had found the five men guilty of the lesser charge of sexual abuse after the trial painted the survivor as a willing participant, pointing to photos from her social media accounts that showed her enjoying herself in the months after the attack. The 2019 Spanish Supreme Court ruling found the men guilty of rape and increased their prison sentences, showing a shift away from the culture of victim-blaming.
9. Women reach new heights
2019 marked some historic firsts for women in aviation around the world. In India, Sub Lieutenant Shivangi, 24, became the first woman pilot for the Indian Navy, fulfilling her life-long dream of becoming a pilot. Two more women pilots also got their Naval wings in December 2019.
In commercial airlines, Captain Wendy Rexon and her daughter first-officer Kelly Rexon became the first mother-daughter pilot duo. The two shared the cockpit for a flight from New York.
10. Women in Sudan lead change
In April, a photo of Alaa Salah, dressed in white and standing atop a car leading protest chants, went viral. The iconic photo was taken during the widespread protests just days before the President of Sudan was arrested. Women and youth were the driving force of the movement in Sudan, representing more than 70 per cent of the protestors. In October 2019, Salah addressed the UN Security Council, calling on the international community to ensure women’s meaningful participation in the transition process going forward.
11. Three countries work toward ending child marriage
In Egypt, Tanzania and Indonesia bans on child marriage are now in effect, working to protect girls, their futures and education.
At the first African summit on child marriage, the deputy grand imam of al-Azhar created and issued a Fatwa on child marriage, with the guidance of young activists like UN Women’s Regional Goodwill Ambassador for Africa, Jaha Dukureh.
In Tanzania, the Supreme Court heard challenges to the 2016 ban on child marriage, but upheld the ruling, banning the marriage of girls under 15 and the directive to raise the age of marriage to 18 within a year.
Similarly, in September, Indonesia’s parliament raised the age of marriage for girls from 16 to 19, after the Constitutional Court ruled it discriminatory to have different legal ages for marriage for girls and boys.
12. Finland forms government of five parties all led by women, with youngest Prime Minister in the world
Sanna Marin, 34, became the world’s youngest Prime Minister after Finland’s elections. In December, she was sworn in as the head of a coalition of five parties, all headed by women. Marin is the third woman, and youngest Prime Minister in Finnish history.
13. New international labour standard to combat violence, harassment at work adopted at 108th International Labour Conference
In June, the International Labour Organization adopted a new Convention and Recommendation to combat violence and harassment at work. The Violence and Harassment Convention and Violence and Harassment Recommendation recognizes that violence and harassment at work is a human rights violation and threatens equal opportunities.
14. Groundbreaking laws promote equality
Botswana, Brazil and Ecuador all undertook legal reforms to protect the human rights of members of the LGBTQ community in 2019.
After widespread campaigns and advocacy, Botswana decriminalized homosexuality. Judges called the criminalization of same-sex relationships a violation of human rights and dignity.
In Brazil, homophobia and transphobia have been criminalized. In June, the Supreme Court voted that all acts of discrimination and hate against LGBT persons are a crime, with up to a five-year jail sentence.
Ecuador’s highest court legalized same-sex marriage in June, ruling it was discriminatory and unconstitutional to prevent marriage of same-sex couples. Ecuador is one of only a handful of countries in the Latin America region to legalize same-sex marriage.
15. Women lead top EU institutions
Two women were chosen by European Union leaders to head two of the EU’s top institutions: The European Commission and the European Central Bank. After more than 60 years of only men leaders, Ursula con der Leyen of Germany was tapped to lead the European Commission while Christine Lagarde of France serves as the first woman ever to head the European Central Bank.