United States

COVID-19 could change the welfare state forever

New York City Mayor Bill de Blasio applauds his barber Alberto Amore after getting a haircut at Astor Place Hairstyles during the phase two re-opening of businesses following the outbreak of the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) in New York City, New York, U.S., June 23, 2020. REUTERS/Caitlin Ochs

The effects of the coronavirus could lead to a more generous and long standing welfare state. Image: REUTERS/Caitlin Ochs

Jeevun Sandher
PhD Candidate, Department of Political Economy, King's College London
Hanna Kleider
Lecturer in public policy, King's College London, King's College London
Our Impact
The Big Picture
Explore and monitor how United States is affecting economies, industries and global issues
A hand holding a looking glass by a lake
Crowdsource Innovation
Get involved with our crowdsourced digital platform to deliver impact at scale
Stay up to date:

United States

Have you read?
Social Spending includes the following: health, old age, incapacity-related benefits, family, active labour market programmes, unemployment, and housing.
Social spending over the last 140 years. Image: Our World in Data
Dotted line indicates the start of the Great Recession in 2007.
Unemployment insurance related and the great Depression (dotted line). Image: Comparative Welfare Entitlements
Australian Bureau of Statistics, Statistics Canada, Bureau of Labor Statistics (US), Office for National Statistics (UK)
Unemployment rates. Image: Our World in Data
Canada figure includes both Employment Insurance and Canada Emergency Response Benefit. US figure takes average UI payment across states plus national Pandemic Unemployment Compensation Payment of $600. Average Wage in 2019 used for calculations across all countries.
Pre-COVID and current unemployment insurance. Image: Australian Government, Government of Canada, Center for Budget and Policy Priorities (US) & Department for Work and Pensions (UK).
Unemployment Risk by Earnings in the UK and USA.
Job loss probability depending on individual income 2019. Image: COVID Inequality Project
Don't miss any update on this topic

Create a free account and access your personalized content collection with our latest publications and analyses.

Sign up for free

License and Republishing

World Economic Forum articles may be republished in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International Public License, and in accordance with our Terms of Use.

The views expressed in this article are those of the author alone and not the World Economic Forum.

Related topics:
United StatesCOVID-19Social ProtectionFinancial and Monetary SystemsDevelopment Finance
World Economic Forum logo
Global Agenda

The Agenda Weekly

A weekly update of the most important issues driving the global agenda

Subscribe today

You can unsubscribe at any time using the link in our emails. For more details, review our privacy policy.

NASA's new air pollution satellite is giving live updates on hotspots across North America


August 31, 2023

About Us



Partners & Members

  • Join Us

Language Editions

Privacy Policy & Terms of Service

© 2023 World Economic Forum