• CO2 emissions from small cars are far below those from SUVs and sports cars.
  • However, high-polluting vehicles such as SUVs continue to increase in popularity worldwide.
  • But SUV manufacturers are coming under pressure as the EU is setting stricter limits for emissions from newly registered passenger cars.
  • Fines will be imposed on firms that do not comply with the new regulations.

On average globally, a small car emits 2,040 kilograms less CO2 per year than a pickup truck. Large SUVs and sports cars also emit particularly high levels of CO2 of course. SUVs are enjoying increasing popularity worldwide; in the home of the automobile, Germany, for example, most new registrations in 2021 came from this segment. Manufacturers' focus on SUVs may come under pressure however.

The EU, one of the leaders in pushing for more sustainable car-based travel, recently set stricter limits for emissions from newly registered passenger cars: From 2021, this will be an average of 95 grams per kilometer for a manufacturer's entire fleet. The requirements provide a strong incentive for automakers to produce and sell more fuel-efficient vehicles with lower CO2 emissions. If they do not comply with the rules, they face fines and from 2030, the limit will be lowered to 61.75 grams.

energy, mining, metals, blockchain

What is the World Economic Forum doing to help companies reduce carbon emissions?

Corporate leaders from the mining, metals and manufacturing industries are changing their approach to integrating climate considerations into complex supply chains.

The Forum’s Mining and Metals Blockchain Initiative, created to accelerate an industry solution for supply chain visibility and environmental, social and corporate governance (ESG) requirements, has released a unique proof of concept to trace emissions across the value chain using distributed ledger technology.

Developed in collaboration with industry experts, it not only tests the technological feasibility of the solution, but also explores the complexities of the supply chain dynamics and sets requirements for future data utilization.

In doing so, the proof of concept responds to demands from stakeholders to create “mine-to-market” visibility and accountability.

The World Economic Forum’s Mining and Metals community is a high-level group of peers dedicated to ensuring the long-term sustainability of their industry and society. Read more about their work, and how to join, via our Impact Story.

The data used in this infographic is taken from the Statista Mobility Market Outlook, which presents up-to-date market figures and forecasts on the markets for motor vehicles and mobility services worldwide.

Global average emissions of passenger cars in 2022
Pickup trucks produced the most global emissions on average.
Image: Statista Mobility Market Outlook