Economic Progress

Past and present inflation are more similar than you think

With prices rising, how does the current inflation rate compare with the past? Image: Unsplash/Krzysztof Hepner

Marijn A. Bolhuis

Economist, International Monetary Fund

Judd N. L. Cramer

Lecturer in Economics, Harvard University

Lawrence H. Summers

President Emeritus, Harvard Kennedy School of Government

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Economic Progress

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Beyond GDP: read the full transcript here

A graph showing shelter CPI inflation and the Federal Funds Rate, 1954 to present
Shelter CPI inflation and the Federal Funds Rate, 1954 to present. Image: Bureau of Labor Statistics.
A graph showing shelter CPI inflation and rent CPI inflation, 1954 to present
Shelter CPI inflation and rent CPI inflation, 1954 to present. Image: Bureau of Labor Statistics.

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The official and estimated headline CPI from 1950 to present day
The official and estimated headline CPI from 1950 to present day. Image: Bureau of Labor Statistics
The official and estimated headline CPI from 1950 to present day with quantity weights fixed at 2022 levels
The official and estimated headline CPI from 1950 to present day with quantity weights fixed at 2022 levels. Image: Bureau of Labor Statistics

A table comparing past inflation cycles to today's inflation cycle
What inflation cycles have looked like in the past, compared to today. Image: Bureau of Labor Statistics

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