PhD in Economics, Cornell University, US. 1985-91, Professor of Economics, Instituto de Estudios Superiores de Administracion; 1988-91, Visiting Fellow, University of Oxford; 1992-93, Minister of Planning of Venezuela; 1994-2000, Chief Economist, Inter-American Development Bank. Currently: Professor of Economic Development Practice, Kennedy School of Government; Director, Growth Lab, Harvard University. Member of the Advisory Board of Criteria Caixa. Former Minister of Planning of Venezuela, Member of the Board, Central Bank of Venezuela. Member of the Board, Accion International. President, Latin American and Caribbean Economic Association. Director of the Center for International Development at Harvard University.