Jobs and the Future of Work

What makes young professionals walk out of their jobs?

Mural' by artist Julie Mehretu is seen in the lobby of the Goldman Sachs office in the Manhattan borough of New York

Millennials professionals look for purpose at work. And walk out if they don't find it Image: REUTERS/Adam Hunger

Punit Renjen
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Fresh out of grad school, I arrived for my first day of work at Deloitte ready for the long haul. For my generation, that’s what those early years were about – laying the foundation for a lifelong career.

More than 30 years later, I’m still with Deloitte and I have no regrets. But mine is certainly the road less travelled by today’s young professionals, specifically millennials. According to Deloitte’s fifth annual Millennial Survey, nearly half of millennials say they expect to leave their current employer in the next two years.

What’s driving this inclination to exit? Our survey findings offered some compelling clues. There appears to be a “purpose gap,” or a disconnect between what millennials want from business versus what business currently offers them.

In addition, a lack of development opportunities and feelings of being underutilized were also cited by many who are considering near-term career changes. If these issues – as well as others noted, such as work/life balance and the desire for flexibility – are not addressed, organizations will risk alienating and possibly losing a critical segment of their workforce, namely their future leaders!

So, what can business do to earn the loyalty of their millennial professionals? As I see it, there are three factors for organizations to consider.

1. The double bottom line is not just a nice “to do”

Millennials want to work for organizations that prioritize purpose, as well as profit. It’s as simple as that. According to our survey, 40 percent of millennials who expressed high job satisfaction, and who plan to remain in their jobs beyond 2020, say their employers have a strong sense of purpose beyond financial success. The figures among those expressing low satisfaction, and those planning to leave within two years, were just 22 percent and 26 percent, respectively.

So creating a culture of purpose is critical; however, that’s not to say millennials have their heads in the clouds. They recognize the need for businesses to be profitable, to grow, and to be well-known, just not at the expense of other arguably important objectives. What they want is to work for organizations that focus on improving the skills, income and ‘satisfaction levels’ of employees; that create jobs; and that provide goods and services that have a positive impact on peoples’ lives.

2. Who they are is what they do

A generation ago, professionals sought long-term relationships with employers. But, millennials are more independent and more likely to put their personal values ahead of organizational goals.

When asked to state the level of influence different factors have on their decision-making at work, “my personal values/morals” ranked first. Most millennials have no problem standing their ground when asked to do something that conflicts with their personal values. Survey findings showed that almost half of millennials (49 percent) have “chosen not to undertake a task at work because it went against their personal values or ethics.” This increases to 61 percent among those in senior positions.

To better understand the values of our millennials, we asked “what are the most important values a business should follow if it is to have long-term success?” In response, we heard that business should put employees first, and have a solid foundation of trust and integrity. Customer care and high-quality, reliable products also ranked relatively high in importance. Attention to the environment and social responsibility were also mentioned by significant numbers of millennials. It’s noteworthy that few (5 percent) of those answering thought profit-focused values would ensure long-term success.

3. They crave attention – in a good way

Six in ten millennials (63 percent) say their “leadership skills are not being fully developed” – this rises to 71 percent of those likely to leave in the next two years. A lack of leadership-development opportunities and feelings of being underutilized were cited by many who are considering near-term career changes.

This finding is consistent with last year’s survey in which we observed that, “regardless of gender or geography, only 28 percent of millennials feel their current organizations are making ‘full use’ of the skills they currently have to offer.”

The silver lining in all this is that in addition to revealing the gap between what they want and what businesses offer, surveyed millennials also provided insight into what businesses can do to successfully attract and retain their talent. Highlights include: providing opportunities for leadership development; connecting them with mentors; encouraging work/life balance; providing flexibility that allows them to work where they’re most productive; giving them more control over their careers; and fostering cultures that encourage and reward open communication, ethical behavior, and inclusiveness.

The writing is on the wall. Now, it is up to organizations around the world to not only take note, but take action.

Author: Punit Renjen is the CEO of Deloitte.

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The views expressed in this article are those of the author alone and not the World Economic Forum.

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