Measuring economic growth alone isn’t enough.
So if just GDP isn't enough to tell us how well a nation is performing, what is? This is where the Social Progress Index comes in. It aims to help us move beyond growth economics by looking at social and environmental performance and progress. This is the latest ranking.
The Social Progress Index
Created by the Social Progress Imperative, the index covers 99% of the world’s population. It measures social progress on three broad dimensions: basic human needs, foundations of well-being and opportunity.
Finland tops this year’s ranking with a score of 90.09 out of 100. Canada follows in second, while Denmark takes third.
What's really important is to assess economies relative to their peers, according to the report. For example, while a rich country may do well on the absolute measure, when compared with similar countries, it may in fact be under-performing.
Social progress and economic development
There is a clear correlation between economic progress and social progress. However, what is made clear in the report is that social progress among countries with similar GDP per capita is variable. “Economic performance alone does not fully explain social progress," emphasize the authors.
The report also highlights the non-linear nature of the relationship between economic and social progress. At lower income levels, a small increase in GDP per capita can make a much bigger difference than is seen at higher income levels.
The link between economic development and social progress is likely to run in both directions, suggest the authors. While improved economic conditions boost investment in areas key to society, social progress (better health and education, for example) can also drive economic growth.