Education and Skills

It's official: women work nearly an hour longer than men every day

A woman shakes a rug at Alfama neighbourhood in Lisbon April 9, 2013.  REUTERS/Rafael Marchante (PORTUGAL - Tags: SOCIETY) - RTXYES5

Double duty ... even when women work as long as men, they take on more domestic tasks Image: REUTERS/Rafael Marchante

Ceri Parker
Previously Commissioning Editor, Agenda, World Economic Forum
Our Impact
What's the World Economic Forum doing to accelerate action on Education and Skills?
The Big Picture
Explore and monitor how Education is affecting economies, industries and global issues
A hand holding a looking glass by a lake
Crowdsource Innovation
Get involved with our crowdsourced digital platform to deliver impact at scale
Stay up to date:


Women work an average of 8 hours and 39 minutes a day – nearly an hour longer than men, when both paid and unpaid tasks are taken into account.

Research from the World Economic Forum’s Gender Gap report based on an OECD study of 29 countries showed that men got off relatively lightly, clocking up 7 hours and 47 minutes a day.

While men spend longer hours in paid work, at an average of 6 hours 17 minutes a day versus 3 hours 52 minutes for women, the daily grind of unpaid care work still falls disproportionately on women.

“In many societies, even as women have entered the labour force, they have also retained primary responsibility for unpaid work such as care-giving and household chores,” the Gender Gap report states.

This tallies with US research showing that working women pay a penalty for motherhood, typically suffering a pay cut of 4% per child as they shoulder a “double shift” of professional work and parenting.

However, the picture varies between countries, showing that the right policies can tackle deeply ingrained stereotypes that paint men as breadwinners and women as care-givers.

The gap between men and women’s unpaid work was narrowest in Sweden and widest in Turkey, out of a set of 26 wealthy and three emerging economies.

Parental leave, flexible work and access to affordable, high-quality childcare help to level the playing field for men and women – at work and at home. In Sweden, for example, new parents are entitled to 480 days of leave, of which 90 days are reserved for fathers.

Have you read?
Don't miss any update on this topic

Create a free account and access your personalized content collection with our latest publications and analyses.

Sign up for free

License and Republishing

World Economic Forum articles may be republished in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International Public License, and in accordance with our Terms of Use.

The views expressed in this article are those of the author alone and not the World Economic Forum.

Related topics:
Education and SkillsEquity, Diversity and Inclusion
World Economic Forum logo
Global Agenda

The Agenda Weekly

A weekly update of the most important issues driving the global agenda

Subscribe today

You can unsubscribe at any time using the link in our emails. For more details, review our privacy policy.

How to harness generative AI and other emerging technologies to close the opportunity gap

Jeff Maggioncalda

June 21, 2024

About Us



Partners & Members

  • Join Us

Language Editions

Privacy Policy & Terms of Service

© 2024 World Economic Forum