Western Europe is the leading hub for the world’s talent, outperforming other regions in attracting, developing and retaining highly skilled employees.

This is according to the recently released IMD World Talent Ranking 2018 in which Western European nations fill nine of the top 10 places.

The annual survey from the IMD business school – which has campuses in Switzerland and Singapore – assesses the performance of 63 economies across three key categories: 1) Investment and Development, 2) Appeal and 3) Readiness. Their place in the ranking is determined by success in different talent-related areas such as education, training, apprenticeships, language skills, quality of life, remuneration and tax rates.

Countries with top talent pools

Image: IMD World Talent Ranking 2018

Switzerland tops the table, as it has done in each of the previous four editions. Despite the country’s high living costs, Switzerland comes first in two of the three key categories – Appeal and Readiness – and fourth in Investment and Development.

Nordic countries occupy the other two places on the global talent podium, with Denmark in second and Norway in third, climbing four places from the previous year. The “readiness” of Norway’s talent pool, together with improvements in public spending on education, has fuelled this year’s rise.

Finland and Sweden are in seventh and eighth place, while Iceland, in 16th, is the only Nordic nation outside of the top 10.

Eastern European countries fared less well with Estonia leading the charge in 28th position, followed by Slovakia and Latvia. Other Eastern European nations occupied the lower half of the table.

Canada is the only non-European nation to make the top 10, surging five places to reach sixth position due to improvements in the quality of its talent pool. Across the border, the US improved in all three categories to climb four places to 12th.

In Asia, both Singapore and Hong Kong SAR performed well in terms of talent competitiveness, with both business hubs able to attract an internationally diverse pool of professionals. IMD said China’s placement in the second half of the table is due to difficulties attracting skilled foreign talent and a level of public spending on education that is lower than the average in advanced economies.

Australia outperformed Pacific neighbour New Zealand, though both nations demonstrated high levels of “readiness” and quality-of-life “appeal”.

A slight improvement in Israel’s ability to attract highly skilled international talent helped it to make the top 20. With the exception of Israel, Qatar and UAE, Middle Eastern nations were confined to the lower half of the ranking, as were Latin American economies and South Africa, which was 50th.

Preparing for the future workplace

The ability of employers to attract, develop and retain skilled employees is becoming increasingly important in light of massive change sweeping through the workplace.

Driven by emerging technologies in fields such as artificial intelligence and robotics, the Fourth Industrial Revolution is transforming the jobs we do and the way we do them.

Changes in the division of labour between man, machine and algorithms mean successful employers will need to attract workers with skills like analytical thinking, technical design and active learning.

The World Economic Forum’s Future of Jobs 2018 report points out that both employers and employees will need to embrace the idea of lifelong learning.

Failure to invest in training and upskilling will not only put workers at a disadvantage, it could hamper companies’ uptake of new technologies and leave them trailing behind more agile competitors.