Justice and Law

What the rest of the world can learn from Norway's prison system

Norway has proven that prison can be rehabiliative. Image: REUTERS/Trond A. Isaksen

Manudeep Bhuller

Tenure-Track Associate Professor, Department of Economics, University of Oslo

Gordon Dahl

Professor of Economics, University of California

Katrine V. Løken

Professor of Economics, Norwegian School of Economics

Magne Mogstad

Assistant Professor, Department of Economics, University of Chicago

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Note: The Western European countries used to construct the population-weighted average include Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and the UK. Image: Institute for Criminal Policy Research, World Prison Brief (2016).
Sample consists of 160 countries with population greater than 0.5 million and with available data on incarceration and GDP. Incarceration rates and GDP are for the latest available year. GDP per capita is adjusted for purchasing power parity (PPP) and reported in 2010 US dollars. The Western European countries used to construct the population-weighted average include Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and the UK. Image: Institute for Criminal Policy Research, International Monetary Fund and the World Bank.

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