Future of the Environment

How volcanoes can teach us a thing or two about renewable energy

When a volcano erupts, it brings with it rare metals from deep inside the Earth's mantle. Image: REUTERS/Antonio Parrinello

William Hutchison

Research Fellow, , University of St Andrews

Anouk Borst

Research Fellow Geology, , University of St Andrews

Adrian Finch

Professor of Geology, School of Earth & Environmental Sciences,, University of St Andrews


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Fentale volcano in the Ethiopian rift has erupted large volumes of chemically evolved magma similar to Greenland Image: Author provided
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