• The World Health Organization held a media briefing to update the public on the COVID-19 outbreak, streamed live at 16.30 CET on Friday 13 March.
  • Cases of coronavirus now top 137,000 globally, with the WHO declaring the outbreak a pandemic on Wednesday, but "one that could be controlled".

As worldwide cases of COVID-19 rise above 137,000 and one country after another forces schools and businesses into lockdown, here's what you need to know about the spread of the coronavirus, from officials at the World Health Organization in Geneva.

5 Key steps to take

WHO Director-General Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus explained that the virus has continued to spread and that Europe had become its new epicentre. Still, he said, measures could still be taken to fight the outbreak. He outlined 5 key steps:

1. Prepare and be ready. Every person and healthcare worker should know the signs and symptoms of the infection, and every healthcare facility should have a protocol to cope with patients, he said.

2. Detect, protect and treat. Tracing the transmission of the virus is essential, said the Director-General. “You can’t fight a virus if you don’t know where it is. You must break the chains of transmission.”

3. Reduce transmission. Efforts to limit travel and cancel large events should be time-limited, based on local needs and reviewed on an evolving basis. Said the Director-General: “Don’t just let this fire burn.”

4. Innovate. While hygiene basics and social distancing will remain important, finding creative ways to reduce transmission and increase capacity for healthcare systems will help slow the spread of the virus.

5. Give. At the briefing, the officials announced the launch of the COVID-19 Solidarity Fund, a way for individuals to make donations and help with the purchasing of equipment (such as masks, gloves and hospital gowns) as well as contribute to investments in research. “Every dollar donated is a dollar donated to saving lives.”

What is the World Economic Forum doing about the coronavirus outbreak?

A new strain of Coronavirus, COVID 19, is spreading around the world, causing deaths and major disruption to the global economy.

Responding to this crisis requires global cooperation among governments, international organizations and the business community, which is at the centre of the World Economic Forum’s mission as the International Organization for Public-Private Cooperation.

The Forum has created the COVID Action Platform, a global platform to convene the business community for collective action, protect people’s livelihoods and facilitate business continuity, and mobilize support for the COVID-19 response. The platform is created with the support of the World Health Organization and is open to all businesses and industry groups, as well as other stakeholders, aiming to integrate and inform joint action.

As an organization, the Forum has a track record of supporting efforts to contain epidemics. In 2017, at our Annual Meeting, the Coalition for Epidemic Preparedness Innovations (CEPI) was launched – bringing together experts from government, business, health, academia and civil society to accelerate the development of vaccines. CEPI is currently supporting the race to develop a vaccine against this strand of the coronavirus.

Stand up against stigma

Officials were careful not to say any one country or group had failed in its reaction to the virus. Stigma is “another word for exclusion” and it’s more effective at this time to remember our most vulnerable, including prisoners and migrants, said Dr. Michael J. Ryan, WHO Executive Director of Health Emergencies.

He stressed that everyone fighting the virus was part of a team. “We share failure in the same way that we share success.”

“No one is at fault for this virus,” added Dr. Maria Van Kerkhove, Technical Lead of the WHO Health Emergencies Programme.

“Be fast and have no regrets.”

—Dr. Michael J. Ryan, WHO Executive Director of Health Emergencies

Lessons from Ebola

At the briefing, Ryan shared takeaways from his experience of tackling the Ebola virus.

During that global outbreak, Ryan held many roles including field epidemiologist, field coordinator and director.

The most important lesson he learned, he said, was to not let perfection get in the way of speed. “You must react quickly. You must interrupt the chains of transmission. Speed trumps perfection."

"The greatest error is not to move," said Ryan. “Be fast and have no regrets.”