- MENAP has huge sustainability challenges, not least a low level of awareness about climate change.
- The public and private sector need to work together to help consumers make the switch to a more sustainable way of life.
- We need to encourage the population to temper their water usage.
It’s time to up our game when it comes to sustainable living in the Middle East.
Of the world’s top environmental performers, 20 out of 25 hail from Europe, with Australia, New Zealand, Japan, United States and Canada making up the rest, according to the Environmental Performance Index 2020. Out of 180 economies surveyed, these countries have been most successful in addressing the vast range of environmental challenges they face.
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But the story is much less positive in the Middle East, North Africa and Pakistan region (MENAP): the UAE ranks the highest, at 42, Egypt sits in the middle at 94, while Pakistan is at 142.
Our diverse region of 600 million inhabitants has huge sustainability challenges to overcome, not least the harsh desert climate and a low level of awareness about climate change.
And attitudes around sustainability need to change: only 28% of Generation Z in the UAE believe “green” products are as good as regular alternatives, compared to 72% in South Korea. And just 20% of young UAE residents repair items instead of replacing them, compared to a global average of 39%.
The public and private sector need to work together to help consumers make the switch to a more sustainable way of life and accelerate climate action. Here are four initiatives I believe could encourage more sustainable consumer behaviour.
1. Encouraging water savings
Our region is the most water scarce in the world. Home to more than 6% of the global population, it has just 1.4% of the world’s renewable fresh water. On average, a person in MENAP has about a fifth less water available to them compared to their peers in the rest of the world.
In addition to businesses subscribing to sustainable water management in their properties, the challenge is to put water “front of mind” among the wider population, actively encouraging them to temper their water usage.
An initiative in our UAE shopping malls, for example, encouraged shoppers to consider their water use by raising awareness of the amount used for activities such as household cleaning and car washing. Interactive campaigns like this can educate consumers in a compelling way. The campaign had a salutary effect, with customers pledging to save 190,200 litres of water overall.
This is a great start, and goes to show what can be achieved through a simple education programme. We now need to raise awareness much more broadly across the region, in a way that will resonate with all industries and individuals.
2. Incentivize recycling and reusing plastic products
Cracking down on single-use plastic is vital for every country on the planet as we all collectively work to protect our oceans and marine life.
Unfortunately, some of the countries in our region have an especially high rate of plastic waste generation per person, with Kuwait being the worst offender, and the UAE and Jordan also worryingly high.
But this chart doesn’t tell the whole story – as it is showing plastic waste generated rather than how much is recycled.
Our region needs more recycling facilities and strong policies not only to ensure that we generate less plastic waste, but that we also recycle more of it.
Companies can directly influence behaviour. In the case of Majid Al Futtaim, we have millions of customers across the MENA region and can use that relationship as a powerful catalyst for change.
We have committed to phasing out the distribution of single-use plastic by 2025. We are starting with Carrefour supermarkets, gradually removing single-use plastic bags, disposable cutlery and polystyrene containers.
Companies can also create incentives by offering discounts for reusable cups, awarding loyalty points for recycling or allowing “green shoppers” to skip the queue.
Meanwhile, EcoSouk is the Middle East’s first “zero-waste” shop. The store in Beirut features a refill bar for liquid products such as shampoo, cleaning products and detergent. Other products reflect the store’s packaging-free approach. These are all steps in the right direction, but such initiatives need to be adopted much more widely, so that shopping habits change for the better once and for all.
3. Provide healthier, green food choices
Food production is another major source of greenhouse gas emissions, responsible for one-quarter of CO2 generated.
New technologies such as hydroponic farming, which uses 90% less water and space, could reduce the carbon footprint of food production and “food miles”. Abu Dhabi has recently invested in a large indoor facility to pioneer vertical farming to diversify food sources, while our Carrefour supermarket chain has launched in-store hydroponic farms in a number of stores across the UAE, offering shoppers freshly grown vegetables on site.
Eating less meat and more vegetable-based foods will also help: producing 1kg of beef emits 60kg of greenhouse gases, while the same amount of peas generates just 1kg.
Again, our region needs to both develop and promote such practices through commercial and policy initiatives. By investing in innovation, and partnering with firms at the cutting-edge of the latest technology, we can offer greener, more sustainable food choices to customers.
4. Promote healthier, more sustainable lifestyles
At the same time, healthier eating and positive food choices can help ensure greater sustainability. There is a need to prioritize less processed foodstuffs in order to tackle rising obesity and related problems.
For example, there are more than 1 million people living with diabetes in the UAE alone, catapulting it into the global top 10 of countries with the highest occurrence of diabetes. This number could more than double by 2040.
Dubai’s new Healthy Consumption Index combines food retail data with government information so the local health authority can map lifestyle-related diseases like type-2 diabetes and target intervention programmes at people who need a little extra help making better choices and getting more active.
What is the World Economic Forum doing about shaping the future of the Arab region?
The Fourth Industrial Revolution has presented the Middle East and North Africa with unprecedented challenges that need to be solved through community innovation, collaboration and technology.
Together with the Bahrain Economic Development Board (EDB), we have selected the 100 most promising Arab start-ups shaping the Fourth Industrial Revolution in 2019.
Entrepreneurs and start-ups are playing a key role in facilitating new ideas, strategies and progress in society – and need to be given a greater platform to meet the region’s most pressing challenges.
Our 2019 selection builds on the success of the 100 Arab start-ups initiative that began in 2017, working to integrate the Arab world's most promising start-up entrepreneurs into a national and regional dialogue on pressing challenges.
You can contribute to improving the Arab region’s future and solving its unprecedented challenges by partnering with us.
Read more about the 100 Arab start-ups selected for 2019 in our Impact Story.
At the same time, we need to reduce food waste and encourage more exercise. Simple changes – such as walking or cycling to work instead of driving – also have obvious benefits in terms of lowering energy use and emissions.
The work ahead of us is significant. But by focusing on these four areas, and acting now to shift mindsets, the MENAP region could create a model that boosts our eco-credentials substantially.