• There is strong global support for vaccine passports, a new Ipsos survey for the World Economic Forum shows.
  • More than three-quarters of people worldwide think they should be mandatory for travel.
  • And two-thirds of people say you should need one to enter stadiums and concert venues.
  • More than half say the same should apply to shops, restaurants or offices.
  • And a similar percentage expect vaccine passports to be widespread by the year’s end.

As COVID-19 continues to ravage our world, new research for the World Economic Forum shows that more than three-quarters of people around the world think vaccine passports should be mandatory for travel.

Ipsos surveyed over 21,000 people in 28 countries and found strong support (78%) for requiring travellers to carry COVID passports. The strongest support was in Malaysia and Peru where 92% and 90% of people backed vaccine passports for travel.

a chart showing global opinion on vaccine passports and their usage
Ipsos surveyed 21,000 people to gauge global opinion on vaccine passports and their usage.
Image: World Economic Forum-Ipsos

There was a majority in favour of vaccine passports in every nation surveyed. Citizens of Hungary (52% in favour) and Poland (58%) were the least enthusiastic about the idea.

a chart showing the percentage of people who think vaccine passports should be required to enter their country
Vaccine passports should be required to enter my country.
Image: World Economic Forum-Ipsos

Almost three-quarters (73%) said vaccine passports would make travel and large events safer, with support ranging from more than eight in 10 people in Argentina, China, India, Malaysia and Peru to 52% in Hungary and 53% in Russia.

Globally, 67% said COVID-19 passports should also be compulsory in public venues like stadiums and concert halls with the strongest support in India, Chile and Malaysia (all 84%) while in Russia and Hungary only 31% and 47% agreed they were necessary.

Two-thirds of those surveyed (66%) said they expected vaccine passports to be in widespread use in their country by the end of this year, although there were wide variations in opinions ranging from 81% in India and Peru to fewer than a third (32%) in Russia.

a chart showing the number of people who think vaccine passports should be required for entry to shops, restaurants and offices
Vaccine passports should be required for entry to shops, restaurants and offices.
Image: World Economic Forum-Ipsos

More than half of those surveyed worldwide (55%) said that people entering shops, restaurants and offices should also be required to carry a vaccine passport. The idea was least popular in Russia (20%) and the strongest support was in India where 78% backed this measure.

Opinions globally vary about who should have access to personal medical records to issue vaccination passports. More than four-fifths (84%) would allow their doctor to have access, 56% their employer, 50% their government, but only 40% would trust private companies.

a chart showing how comfortable people are allowing different people and sectors to access their personal health data and vaccination record
This is how people feel about sharing their medical information.
Image: World Economic Forum-Ipsos

A second survey of 15,000 people in 12 countries, also conducted by Ipsos, found sharply divided opinions about how long vaccine passports should be required.

Almost a third said they should be used for only a few months, 32% were happy to see them in use up to the end of the year, 23% thought they should remain in use for several years and 13% indefinitely.

a chart showing how long people think vaccine passports should remain in use
How long should vaccine passports remain in use?
Image: World Economic Forum-Ipsos

Strongest support for retaining them for only a few months came from Spain (54%) and Mexico (48%) while Japan was the only nation where a majority supported requiring vaccine passports for several years or indefinitely.

When asked in the same survey if they thought only people who had been vaccinated should be allowed to take part in events involving large groups like using public transport, flying or attending sporting and cultural events, more than half (54%) agreed with this restriction.

Vaccines, Health and healthcare, Gavi

What is the World Economic Forum doing about access to vaccines?

In 2000, Gavi, the Vaccine Alliance was launched at the World Economic Forum's Annual Meeting in Davos, with an initial pledge of $750 million from the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation.

The aim of Gavi is to make vaccines more accessible and affordable for all - wherever people live in the world.

Along with saving an estimated 10 million lives worldwide in less than 20 years,through the vaccination of nearly 700 million children, - Gavi has most recently ensured a life-saving vaccine for Ebola.

At Davos 2016, we announced Gavi's partnership with Merck to make the life-saving Ebola vaccine a reality.

The Ebola vaccine is the result of years of energy and commitment from Merck; the generosity of Canada’s federal government; leadership by WHO; strong support to test the vaccine from both NGOs such as MSF and the countries affected by the West Africa outbreak; and the rapid response and dedication of the DRC Minister of Health. Without these efforts, it is unlikely this vaccine would be available for several years, if at all.

Read more about the Vaccine Alliance, and how you can contribute to the improvement of access to vaccines globally - in our Impact Story.

Support for banning the unvaccinated from public events and transport was strongest in Brazil, the United States and Canada where more than six in 10 backed the idea.

However, globally, 46% thought limiting freedom in this way was unfair to those who had not been vaccinated, with the strongest objections being from France (57%), Spain (55%), Japan (53%) and Germany (53%).