• Around half of investors expect the US to enter recession in 2023, a Bloomberg Markets Live survey shows.
  • Deutsche Bank is the first major bank to forecast a US recession next year.
  • The global economic outlook is uncertain because of Russia’s invasion of Ukraine and Chinese lockdowns potentially impacting supply chains.

In the wake of the first interest rate hike since 2018, Deutsche Bank became the first major bank to forecast a US recession for next year. The report co-authored by the bank’s chief economist David Folkerts-Landau and former Fed official Peter Hooper finds that “the US economy is expected to take a major hit from the extra Fed tightening by late next year and early 2024.” The economists expect the federal funds rate to be gradually raised beyond 3.5 percent by the middle of next year, which would be at the upper limit of projections given by the Federal Open Market Committee last month. The median projection given by FOMC members for 2023 was 2.8 percent, up from the current target range of 0.25 to 0.5 percent.

The next US recession

While Deutsche Bank is the first major bank to forecast an imminent economic downturn, investors, both retail and professional, share the group’s gloomy outlook. According to a Bloomberg Markets Live survey conducted between March 29 and April 1, 48 percent of investors expect the US to fall into recession next year. Another 21 percent expect the downturn to happen in 2024, while 15 percent of the 525 respondents expect the recession to come as early as this year.

With the pandemic still lingering, the Russian invasion of Ukraine putting additional pressure on already surging consumer prices and Chinese lockdowns potentially disrupting supply chains, the economic outlook is currently clouded by uncertainties. And where there is clouds, there’s often a chance of rain, or, in this case, a recession.

A chart showing the expected timing of the next US recession.
This is when investors expect the next US recession will happen.
Image: Statista
banking, blockchain

What is the Forum doing to improve the global banking system?

The World Economic Forum’s Centre for the Fourth Industrial Revolution Network has built a global community of central banks, international organizations and leading blockchain experts to identify and leverage innovations in distributed ledger technologies (DLT) that could help usher in a new age for the global banking system.

We are now helping central banks build, pilot and scale innovative policy frameworks for guiding the implementation of DLT, with a focus on central bank digital currencies (CBDCs). DLT has widespread implications for the financial and monetary systems of tomorrow, but decisions about its use require input from multiple sectors in order to realize the technology’s full potential.

“Over the next four years, we should expect to see many central banks decide whether they will use blockchain and distributed ledger technologies to improve their processes and economic welfare. Given the systemic importance of central bank processes, and the relative freshness of blockchain technology, banks must carefully consider all known and unknown risks to implementation.”

—Ashley Lannquist, Blockchain and Digital Assets Platform, World Economic Forum

Our Central Banks in the Age of Blockchain community is an initiative of the Platform for Shaping the Future of Technology Governance: Blockchain and Digital Assets.

Read more about our impact, and learn how you can join this first-of-its-kind initiative.