Energy Transition

Explainer: What is offshore wind and what does its future look like?

An offshore wind farm with multiple wind turbines in the sea. Image: Unsplash/Nicholas Doherty

Kate Whiting

Senior Writer, Formative Content

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A map showing Hornsea 4 offshore wind farm and existing Ørsted offshore wind farm projects.
Hornsea 2, off the coast of Yorkshire in the UK, is the world’s largest fixed-bottom offshore wind farm. Image: Ørsted.
Floating vs fixed-bottom offshore wind turbines.
Floating vs fixed-bottom offshore wind turbines. Image: IOP Publishing/Creative commons.

A bar chart showing cumulative global installations of floating offshore wind, GW.
Global installations of floating offshore wind are due to reach 25 GW by 2035. Image: Ørsted

A graphic showing offshore wind farms continue to grow.
How offshore wind is growing globally. Image: Statista.

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