Energy Transition

How coal production and use has changed in Europe

Coal production and use in the European Union fell by a third between 2018 and 2020 as renewables and natural gas replaced fossil fuels, finds Eurostat. Image: Unsplash/Dominik Vanyi

Victoria Masterson

Senior Writer, Formative Content

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The number of EU member states producing hard coal fell from 12 in 1990 to two in 2020. Source: Coal production and consumption
The number of EU member states producing hard coal fell from 12 in 1990 to two in 2020. Image: Eurostat

The use of brown coal fell a further 33% between 2018 and 2020. Source: Coal production and consumption
The use of brown coal fell a further 33% between 2018 and 2020. Image: Eurostat

Demand from China and Asia is predicted to reverse declining demand for coal. Source: Global Energy Review 2021
Demand from China and Asia is predicted to reverse declining demand for coal. Source: Global Energy Review 2021 Image: International Energy Agency
On the narrow path to net zero by 2025, the challenges are many and complex.
On the narrow path to net zero by 2025, the challenges are many and complex. Image: International Energy Agency
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Energy TransitionEuropean UnionElectricity

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