Systemic Racism

How historically Black universities and colleges are drivers of U.S. growth

many Black university students, like this man studying here, have been known to benefit from being educated by HBCUs

According to a Mckinsey report, HBCUs have substantively improved the economic and educational positions of Black Americans and others in the United States.' Image: Unsplash/Emmanuel Ikwuegbu

Frankki Bevins
Partner, Mckinsey & Company
Kathryn Fox
Partner, Mckinsey & Company
Duwain Pinder
Associate Partner, Mckinsey & Company
Shelley Stewart III
Partner, Mckinsey & Company
Jimmy Sarakatsannis
Senior Partner, McKinsey & Company
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Systemic Racism

a chart showing that Black colleges consistently deliver strong outcomes, especially on economic mobility
Black colleges consistently deliver strong outcomes, especially on economic mobility. Image: Mckinsey and Company

a chart showing that the mean mobility rate across all US colleges is 1.6 percent, but the mean mobility rate for HBCUs is 3.0 percent
The mean mobility rate for HBCUs. Image: Mckinsey and Company

a diagram showing where Black universities and colleges are historically located
81% of HBCUs are located in US counties where the median wage is below the national average. Image: Mckinsey and Company

this diagram shows how many HBCUs are situated in areas where Black consumers’ needs are not being met.
The problem of the digital divide. Image: Mckinsey and Company


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Systemic RacismEducationInequality
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