Private Investors

How green funds help protect investors from climate change risks

Major private investment is needed to meet 2050 climate goals. Image:

Steffen Kern

Chief Economist and Head of Risk Analysis, European Securities and Markets Authority, ESMA

Adrien Amzallag

Economist, European Securities and Markets Authority


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Green funds offer less vulnerable portfolios: portfolio overlaps among EU investment fund portfolios, measured as the number of common investments between two investment funds. Colours indicate average portfolio emissions, from dark green (cleanest) to dark brown. Image: A. Amzallag (2021), 'Fund portfolio networks: a climate risk perspective', ESMA Report on Trends, Risks, and Vulnerabilities No. 1 2021, pp. 73-86.

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Related topics:

Private InvestorsClimate ChangeBanking and Capital Markets


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