Artificial Intelligence

This is the impact robots will have on developing economies

A robotic arm operating in an assembly line.

Is automation an opportunity or a threat for developing countries? Image: Unsplash

Massimiliano Calì
Trade Economist, World Bank Group
Giorgio Presidente
Postdoctoral researcher, Oxford Martin School, Oxford University
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Robot penetration and employment changes: OECD vs non-OECD countries
Robot penetration is defined as the stock of industrial robots per 1000 employed workers. Image: International Federation of Robotics; Penn World Table; World Bank
Robot penetration in Indonesia vs other countries with evidence on the impact of automation.
Number of robots per million manufacturing workers in the first and last years of the respective countries' analysis. Image: IFR; ILO; UNIDO


How is the World Economic Forum ensuring the responsible use of technology?

Employment impact of exposure to robots relative to less exposed plants, by decile of the distribution of initial exposure to robots.
The employment impact of exposure to robots. Image: Authors calculations based on Statistik Industri and IFR.

Employment impact of robots in 61 countries and 12 industries, 2007-2015.
The impact of robot penetration. Image: Authors' calculations based on IFR, OECD Structural Analysis Database, Statistik Industri

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Related topics:
Artificial IntelligenceIndonesiaAdvanced ManufacturingFuture of WorkSDG 08: Decent Work and Economic Growth
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