Artificial Intelligence

This is the impact robots will have on developing economies

Is automation an opportunity or a threat for developing countries? Image: Unsplash

Massimiliano Calì

Trade Economist, World Bank Group

Giorgio Presidente

Postdoctoral researcher, Oxford Martin School, Oxford University


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Robot penetration is defined as the stock of industrial robots per 1000 employed workers. Image: International Federation of Robotics; Penn World Table; World Bank
Number of robots per million manufacturing workers in the first and last years of the respective countries' analysis. Image: IFR; ILO; UNIDO


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The employment impact of exposure to robots. Image: Authors calculations based on Statistik Industri and IFR.

The impact of robot penetration. Image: Authors' calculations based on IFR, OECD Structural Analysis Database, Statistik Industri

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Related topics:

Artificial IntelligenceIndonesiaManufacturingWorkforce and EmploymentSDG 08: Decent Work and Economic Growth


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