Social Protection

This is the impact fiscal policy can have on greenhouse gas emissions

Regardless of the choice, early adoption of a fiscal strategy will help meet mitigation pledges on time. Image: Unsplash/Chris LeBoutillier

Jihad Azour
Director of the Middle East and Central Asia Department, International Monetary Fund
Gareth Anderson
Economist, Middle East and Central Asia Department at the International Monetary Fund
Ling Zhu
Economist, Middle East and Central Asia Department at the International Monetary Fund
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A graph showing emission targets for Middle East and Central Asia from 1990-2030.
Only a few countries have achieved a 7% reduction while maintaining economic growth. Image: IMF.
A graphic showing Middle East, North Africa, Pakistan and central Asia's change in carbon rate.
An introduction of a carbon tax of $8 per ton of CO2 emissions in the Middle East and North Africa. Image: IMF.


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Social ProtectionEnergy TransitionClimate Change
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