• Lockdowns must be lifted strategically, and not all at once, said WHO officials at a briefing on 13 April 2020.
  • Countries with lower numbers of cases can begin easing restrictions.
  • Social distancing and handwashing need to continue longer term.

Half the world has been under some form of lockdown to slow the spread of COVID-19. While many are eager to see restrictions lifted, especially as numbers stabilize in some countries, we must remain patient and vigilant, said officials at the World Health Organization (WHO) briefing on Monday 13 April.

“It may be a little bit longer that you have to remain at home,” said Dr Maria Van Kerkhove, Technical Lead of the WHO Health Emergencies Programme.

Lockdowns must be lifted strategically, and not all at once, to prevent further disruptions, said Van Kerkhove.

“Not lifting all at once is very critical so that we can get people back to work, get these economies going back again as quickly as possible.”

Countries can begin easing restrictions in areas that show a lower incidence of cases. With a controlled, strategic approach, the system can divert resources where they are needed.

The WHO is developing new strategic advice for countries considering lifting restrictions. Full guidance will be published tomorrow, said Dr Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, Director-General, but countries easing lockdowns should meet the following criteria:

1. The transmission is controlled.

2. Health system capacities are in place to detect, test, isolate and treat every COVID-19 case and trace every contact.

3. Outbreak risks are minimized in special settings like health facilities and nursing homes.

4. Preventive measures are in place in workplaces, schools and other places where it’s essential for people to go.

5. Importation risks can be managed.

6. Communities are fully educated, engaged and empowered to adjust to the “new norm”.

Countries seeing their numbers stabilize should not believe the worst is over. “Now is the time for vigilance,” said Michael J. Ryan, Chief Executive Director of the WHO Health Emergencies Programme.

What is the World Economic Forum doing about the coronavirus outbreak?

Responding to the COVID-19 pandemic requires global cooperation among governments, international organizations and the business community, which is at the centre of the World Economic Forum’s mission as the International Organization for Public-Private Cooperation.

Since its launch on 11 March, the Forum’s COVID Action Platform has brought together 1,667 stakeholders from 1,106 businesses and organizations to mitigate the risk and impact of the unprecedented global health emergency that is COVID-19.

The platform is created with the support of the World Health Organization and is open to all businesses and industry groups, as well as other stakeholders, aiming to integrate and inform joint action.

As an organization, the Forum has a track record of supporting efforts to contain epidemics. In 2017, at our Annual Meeting, the Coalition for Epidemic Preparedness Innovations (CEPI) was launched – bringing together experts from government, business, health, academia and civil society to accelerate the development of vaccines. CEPI is currently supporting the race to develop a vaccine against this strand of the coronavirus.

Measures such as physical distancing and handwashing will need to stay in place even after lockdowns are lifted. “We are going to have to change our behaviors for the foreseeable future, said Ryan.

Increased capacity at health systems will also need to be maintained once restrictions are eased. Hospitals must ensure that protective equipment is in place and intensive care beds are on standby. “As we come out of these lockdown situations," said Ryan, "we may see a jump back up of cases. And we don't want to lurch from lockdown to nothing."

“Now is the time to double down,” said Ryan. “Now is the time to be very, very careful.”