- The COVID-19 pandemic is a reminder of the need for international cooperation.
- To build back better and tackle the many health, economic, societal, environmental and technological challenges ahead, we need meaningful multilateral action, social justice and public-private partnership.
- From 25-29 January, the Davos Agenda will virtually convene world leaders to discuss these geopolitical challenges.
Following the 2020 Annual Meeting in Davos, World Economic Forum President Børge Brende called for “another period of multilateral renewal” in order for the world to tackle the multitude of economic, environmental and technological risks ahead.
“The ability to act in concert and with purpose within a tumultuous global environment won’t be easy, but it will be necessary,” he said.
Within weeks, we would see more clearly just how true this was – with the COVID-19 coronavirus swiftly making its way around the globe, wreaking economic destruction and heightening geopolitical tensions.
From 25-29 January 2021, the Davos Agenda will virtually bring together global leaders to discuss how we seize this opportunity to build a more collaborative global framework for the post-COVID era.
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“The COVID-19 pandemic is a tragic reminder of how deeply connected we are. The virus knows no borders and is a quintessential global challenge. Combatting it requires us to work together as one human family,” said UN Secretary-General António Guterres.
As COVID-19 continues to wreak havoc on all economies and societies, we remain physically separated, with people staying in their homes, meetings and travel halted, deepening the divide.
However, “tragedy need not be its only legacy,” wrote Forum Founder and Executive Chairman Klaus Schwab.
“On the contrary, the pandemic represents a rare but narrow window of opportunity to reflect, reimagine, and reset our world to create a healthier, more equitable, and more prosperous future,” he said.
Where do we go from here?
Building back better and solving the many crises before us – the pandemic, the recession, climate change, cracks in our global institutions – requires international cooperation. Here are top priorities for reshaping the geopolitical landscape.
1. Strong and effective international institutions
“Through the spirit of international collaboration and co-operation, our global community has been able to eradicate smallpox, witness 2 billion people moving out of extreme poverty, reduce the prevalence of and mortality from HIV/AIDS, and contain the infectious disease outbreaks of SARS, H1N1, and Ebola. Our global community dug deep to navigate through the global financial crisis of more than a decade ago,” xplained according to an expert Agenda article commissioned by the Forum last spring.
Now, however, “the rise in populism and ‘country first’ politics have threatened the spirit of international co-operation and the workings of the multilateral institutions,” which “left the international community at a significant disadvantage as it faced the COVID-19 pandemic.”
“Now is not the time for threats to, and abandonment of our global institutions, despite their flaws. We must rebuild them as part of strengthening our solidarity,” the authors argued.
“Ultimately, globalization needs better management, and the failure to manage increased flows across national borders is what gave rise to the financial crisis, climate change and COVID-19,” according to the University of Oxford’s Ian Goldin and Robert Muggah of the The SecDev Group and Igarapé Institute, writing for Agenda.
“Turning our back on globalization is not the answer,” they continued. “Nor should we wish to bounce back to the pre-pandemic ways of doing things, as it is that type of business as usual that brought us the pandemic and much more dangerous threats such as climate change. It is unsustainable.”
What is the World Economic Forum doing on trade facilitation?
The Global Alliance for Trade Facilitation is a collaboration of international organisations, governments and businesses led by the Center for International Private Enterprise, the International Chamber of Commerce and the World Economic Forum, in cooperation with Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit.
It aims to help governments in developing and least developed countries implement the World Trade Organization’s Trade Facilitation Agreement by bringing together governments and businesses to identify opportunities to address delays and unnecessary red-tape at borders.
For example, in Colombia, the Alliance worked with the National Food and Drug Surveillance Institute and business to introduce a risk management system that can facilitate trade while protecting public health, cutting the average rate of physical inspections of food and beverages by 30% and delivering $8.8 million in savings for importers in the first 18 months of operation.
2. Equality and social justice
Even before the pandemic, inequality “was rising even in those countries that have experienced rapid growth,” said the Forum’s Klaus Schwab in the Global Social Mobility Index 2020.
The consequences are “profound and far-reaching: a growing sense of unfairness, precarity, perceived loss of identity and dignity, weakening social fabric, eroding trust in institutions, disenchantment with political processes, and an erosion of the social contract.”
“The COVID-19 pandemic has magnified the challenges of social injustice by placing a spotlight on the shocking disparities in the degree of risk to which different social classes are exposed,” Schwab wrote in response to the protests over systemic racism.
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Social injustice and racism are systemic even in the wealthiest nations like the United States, where the pandemic has had a disproportionately devastating impact on Black communities in particular.
“In America, as in many other countries, people who face racial discrimination and marginalization are more likely to be unemployed or underemployed and have poor housing and living conditions. As a result, their access to healthcare is more limited and they suffer more from pre-existing health conditions that make COVID-19 particularly deadly,” explained Schwab.
In the long term, the rebuilding our institutions for the post-COVID world must include “prioritizing the need to redefine our social contract” and address systemic injustice and racism, he argued.
More immediately, the response emergency measures to enhance social safety nets remain critically important, as well as equitable COVID-19 vaccine distribution to ensure no economies are left behind.
Have you read?
Forum Foundations Project Specialist Sarah Shakour offers specific actions to address systemic racism, including reparations, police reform, and diversity and inclusion initiatives in the workplace.
3. Public-private partnership
Ultimately, the post-COVID era “will demand private-sector engagement every step of the way,” wrote Schwab last June.
And we’ve seen that this is possible. “During the COVID-19 crisis, companies, universities, and others have joined forces to develop diagnostics, therapeutics, and possible vaccines; establish testing centers; create mechanisms for tracing infections; and deliver telemedicine,” he continued.
What is the World Economic Forum doing about access to vaccines?
The aim of Gavi is to make vaccines more accessible and affordable for all - wherever people live in the world.
Along with saving an estimated 10 million lives worldwide in less than 20 years,through the vaccination of nearly 700 million children, - Gavi has most recently ensured a life-saving vaccine for Ebola.
At Davos 2016, we announced Gavi's partnership with Merck to make the life-saving Ebola vaccine a reality.
The Ebola vaccine is the result of years of energy and commitment from Merck; the generosity of Canada’s federal government; leadership by WHO; strong support to test the vaccine from both NGOs such as MSF and the countries affected by the West Africa outbreak; and the rapid response and dedication of the DRC Minister of Health. Without these efforts, it is unlikely this vaccine would be available for several years, if at all.
Read more about the Vaccine Alliance, and how you can contribute to the improvement of access to vaccines globally - in our Impact Story.
The development and rollout of COVID-19 vaccines including Oxford-AstraZeneca and Pfizer-BioNTech are shining examples of what can be achieved when the public and private sector work together towards a goal.
“Imagine what could be possible if similar concerted efforts were made in every sector,” added Schwab.
Public-private partnership will be essential to recovery from COVID-19, as well as addressing a host of multilateral challenges that lie ahead – from ensuring people receive the COVID-19 vaccines to preparing for the next pandemic, as well as tackling cybersecurity and climate change.
What to watch during Davos Agenda
From 25-29 January 2021, join us for special addresses from world leaders including:
- President of the People’s Republic of China Xi Jinping, Monday 25 January 13:00-13:30
- Secretary-General of the UN António Guterres, Monday 25 January 18:00-18:30
- President of South Africa Cyril Ramaphosa, Tuesday 26 January 08:00-08:30
- President of the European Commission Ursula von der Leyen, Tuesday 26 January 11:00-11:30
- Chancellor of Germany Angela Merkel, Tuesday 26 January 13:00-13:40
- President of France Emmanuel Macron, Tuesday 26 January 15:00-15:30
- President of South Korea Moon Jae-in, Wednesday 27 January 08:00-08:30
- Prime Minister of Italy Giuseppe Conte, Wednesday 27 January 11:00-11:30
- Prime Minister of Israel Benjamin Netanyahu, Wednesday 27 January 15:00-15:30
- King Abdullah II of Jordan, Thursday 28 January 11:00-11:30
- Prime Minister of India Narendra Modi, Thursday 28 January 13:00-13:45
- President of Argentina Alberto Fernández, Thursday 28 January 18:30-19:00
- Prime Minister of Singapore Lee Hsien Loong, Friday 29 January 08:30-09:00
- Prime Minister of Japan Yoshihide Suga, Friday 29 January 11:00-11:30
- Prime Minister of Canada Justin Trudeau, Friday 29 January 13:00-13:30
You can watch the livestreamed sessions here.