Pandemic Preparedness and Response

How can we close inequality gaps in the global COVID-19 recovery?

a healthcare worker prepares a dose of China's Sinovac Biotech vaccine against the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) during a mass vaccination program at a train station

A significantly more modest recovery from COVID-19 has been predicted in emerging market and developing economies. Image: REUTERS/Ajeng Dinar Ulfiana

Gita Gopinath
First Deputy Managing Director, International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Our Impact
The Big Picture
Explore and monitor how Pandemic Preparedness and Response is affecting economies, industries and global issues
A hand holding a looking glass by a lake
Crowdsource Innovation
Get involved with our crowdsourced digital platform to deliver impact at scale
Stay up to date:

Pandemic Preparedness and Response

these graphs are showing that the divergence between countries is deepening, driven by differences in vaccine availability and policy support
The gap is increasing. Image: IMF
this graph shows that close to 40% of the population in advanced economies have been fully vaccinated, compared to 11% in emerging market economies and just 1% in low-income developing countries
Lack of access to vaccines has lead to downgrades. Image: IMF
Have you read?
this graph shows that while fiscal support in advanced economies continues, most measures in emerging markets and developing countries expired in 2022
Most people in developing countries are no longer receiving financial support after COVID-19. Image: IMF

graphs showing that pent-up demand and supply chain bottlenecks are putting upward pressure on prices, but inflation is expected to subside to pre-pandemic levels in most advanced economies
Some economies are facing inflation concerns. Image: IMF


How has the Forum navigated the global response to COVID-19?

this chart shows the latest World Economic Outlook Update projections
The changes experts are expecting to see. Image: IMF
Don't miss any update on this topic

Create a free account and access your personalized content collection with our latest publications and analyses.

Sign up for free

License and Republishing

World Economic Forum articles may be republished in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International Public License, and in accordance with our Terms of Use.

The views expressed in this article are those of the author alone and not the World Economic Forum.

Related topics:
Pandemic Preparedness and ResponseInequalityCOVID-19Geopolitics
World Economic Forum logo
Global Agenda

The Agenda Weekly

A weekly update of the most important issues driving the global agenda

Subscribe today

You can unsubscribe at any time using the link in our emails. For more details, review our privacy policy.

Disease X – this is how we should prepare for the next big virus

Andrea Willige

July 10, 2023

About Us



Partners & Members

  • Join Us

Language Editions

Privacy Policy & Terms of Service

© 2023 World Economic Forum