The Ocean

We can predict the effects of climate change by the salt in our oceans

Salty areas of the ocean getting saltier and fresh areas getting fresher. Image: REUTERS/Kathryn Hansen/NASA

William John Gould

Emeritus Fellow, Marine Physics and Ocean Climate, National Oceanography Centre

Robert Marsh

Professor of Oceanography and Climate, University of Southampton

Simon Alasdair Josey

Professor of Ocean-Atmosphere Interaction, National Oceanography Centre

Stuart Cunningham

Professor of Ocean Circulation and Climate, Scottish Association for Marine Science


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a chart showing the salinity changes in the ocean since the 1950s.
Salinity changes in the ocean since the 1950s. Image: Nature Communications in Earth and Environment, CC BY
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