Future of Media, Entertainment and Sport

Does having no fans in stadiums affect the result of soccer games? 

Soccer - England - Carabao Cup Second Round - Barrow v Aston Villa - Holker Street, Barrow-in-Furness, Britain - August 24, 2021 General view inside the stadium before the match Action Images via Reuters/Ed Sykes - UP1EH8O1CVR4G

Stadiums have been empty across much of Europe during the pandemic. Image: Action Images via Reuters

Peter Rejcek
Science Writer, FrontiersIn
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Difference (total numbers) in yellow cards between season 2018/19 and 2019/20
A change is on the cards? Image: FrontersIn
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Future of Media, Entertainment and SportBehavioural Sciences
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