The Ocean

99% of coral reefs could disappear if we don't slash emissions this decade, alarming new study shows

Coral reefs have long been regarded as one of the most significant ecological casualties of global warming. Image: Unsplash/ Biorock Indonesia

Scott F. Heron

Associate Professor in Physics, James Cook University

Peter Kalmus

Data Scientist, NASA

Maria Beger

Associate Professor in Conservation Science, University of Leeds

Adele Dixon

PhD Candidate in Coral Biology, University of Leeds

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The Ocean

Bleached corals are more vulnerable to disease and starvation.
Bleached corals are more vulnerable to disease and starvation. Image: Maria Beger, Author provided
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Healthy reefs can support a vast array of life.
Healthy reefs can support a vast array of life. Image: Maarten De Brauwer, Author provided
Most of the world’s reef refugia disappear at 1.5°C.
Most of the world’s reef refugia disappear at 1.5°C. Image: Dixon et al. (2022)/PLOS Climate

A coral bed.
Climate change is already degrading coral reefs globally. Image: Unsplash/ Francesco Ungaro

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