Food Security

What causes famine? Here's what history teaches us

The risk of famine today is much higher than it has been for many decades. Image: Unsplash/Abhishek Pawar

Guido Alfani

Associate Professor of Economic History, Bocconi University

Cormac Ó Gráda

Professor Emeritus, University College Dublin


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Chart showing famine, population size and climate change in Europe, 1300-1850
In pre-industrial times, most famines were triggered by some crop-damaging extreme weather event. Image: Alfani and Ó Gráda (2018)

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Related topics:

Food SecurityClimate ChangeSDG 02: Zero HungerSDIM2022


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