Climate Change

These countries have committed to a net zero carbon emissions goal - could it solve the climate crisis?

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Countries around the world are committing themselves to net zero carbon emissions goal Image: REUTERS/Suzanne Plunkett

Akshat Rathi
Reporter, Quartz
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Climate Change

After decades of work, scientists have finally agreed on a (relatively) simple answer to the climate crisis: Achieve net-zero greenhouse-gas emissions as soon as economically possible. The only thing that drives global warming is the total amount of heat-trapping gases in the atmosphere. (The “net-zero” part is that, in cases like air travel, we won’t have the technology to stop emitting; in those cases, we’ll need to build sinks to capture those emissions.)

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This simple message was amplified in 2015, after every country in the world signed the Paris climate agreement. Since then, many large and small countries have committed to adopting a net zero carbon emissions goal.

Here’s the running list of such countries, compiled by the Energy and Climate Intelligence Unit. We will update the list as more countries are added or their goal status changes.

net-zero-carbon-emissions-race-by-different-countries
The net zero carbon emissions race by different countries Image: Energy and Climate Intelligence Unit (ECIU)
net-zero-carbon-emissions-goal-status
net zero carbon emissions goal status of different countries Image: Quartz

Notable absences on that list: The United States, Australia, and the Arab states of the Persian Gulf.

Despite those missing commitments, some smaller economies within those countries and others have set themselves a net zero carbon emissions goal. At the state level, that group includes California, New York, and Hawaii in the US; and New South Wales, Victoria, and Queensland in Australia. At the city level, it includes New York City, Los Angeles, London, Paris, Washington DC, San Francisco, Seattle, Sydney, Boston, Stockholm, Barcelona, Copenhagen, Austin, Melbourne, Helsinki, Manchester, Oslo, Nottingham, Adelaide, Bristol, Heidelberg, and Reykjavik.

The sum total of all these economies accounts for more than 17% of the global GDP. There’s still a long way to go to align 100% of global GDP with this goal, and committing to a goal does not mean countries or regions will achieve it. But it’s a stronger climate-mitigation stance than setting no goals at all.

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Climate ChangeFuture of the EnvironmentEnergy Transition
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