- Border closures, quarantine rules and high travel costs will see vulnerable nations sending smaller delegations to the U.N. climate talks.
- Just four Pacific leaders, from Fiji, Papua New Guinea, Tuvalu and Palau are due to attend in person.
- London has offered funding assistance and COVID-19 vaccines for delegates who could not otherwise access them.
Some of the world's most climate-vulnerable countries have been forced to scale back their attendance at the COP26 climate summit due to COVID-19 travel curbs and costs, blunting their negotiating power, according to Fiji's U.N. ambassador.
Border closures, quarantine rules and high travel costs will see small island states and poorer nations sending smaller delegations, with some leaders unable to travel to the key United Nations' climate talks that start in Scotland on Sunday.
Only four leaders from Pacific island states - Fiji, Papua New Guinea, Tuvalu and Palau - are due to attend the COP26 conference in person, according to Satyendra Prasad, Fiji's ambassador to the United Nations.
"The stakes could not be higher, but it's a very difficult situation," Prasad told the Thomson Reuters Foundation by phone from New York, where he is based.
Borders remain closed in many Pacific island countries to keep local communities safe from COVID-19, as in Kiribati, while long quarantine periods of up to three weeks including in Tonga make it hard for leaders to travel, Prasad added.
COP26 is billed as the "last best shot" for the world to try to limit global warming to 1.5 degrees Celsius - crucial for Pacific nations battling more powerful tropical storms and rising sea levels, according to the U.N. envoy.
Pacific negotiators will need to "work really hard" on crucial agenda items like climate finance, he added.
Fiji - part of the Alliance of Small Island States - will push rich governments to agree to deliver $750 billion a year to support climate action in poorer countries from 2025 - up from an unmet annual pledge of $100 billion now.
"It's sad that the Pacific will be least well-represented at this COP... We know that not having a presence in the way that we would have in a normal year is a big disadvantage to the smallest countries," said Prasad.
'A little bit late'
Concerns that unequal access to vaccines and high travel costs would exclude officials and activists from developing nations from the COP26 summit prompted an unsuccessful call by a network of 1,500 groups last month to delay the conference.
Host nation Britain insisted the summit - already postponed a year due to the COVID-19 pandemic - should not be put off again, with London offering funding assistance and COVID-19 vaccines for delegates who could not otherwise access them.
But those measures "came a little bit late" for some in the poorest countries to procure the documents and funding needed to travel, said Tracy Kajumba, a researcher at the International Institute for Environment and Development, which supports the least developed countries at the U.N. climate talks.
What’s the World Economic Forum doing about climate change?
Climate change poses an urgent threat demanding decisive action. Communities around the world are already experiencing increased climate impacts, from droughts to floods to rising seas. The World Economic Forum's Global Risks Report continues to rank these environmental threats at the top of the list.
To limit global temperature rise to well below 2°C and as close as possible to 1.5°C above pre-industrial levels, it is essential that businesses, policy-makers, and civil society advance comprehensive near- and long-term climate actions in line with the goals of the Paris Agreement on climate change.
The World Economic Forum's Climate Initiative supports the scaling and acceleration of global climate action through public and private-sector collaboration. The Initiative works across several workstreams to develop and implement inclusive and ambitious solutions.
This includes the Alliance of CEO Climate Leaders, a global network of business leaders from various industries developing cost-effective solutions to transitioning to a low-carbon, climate-resilient economy. CEOs use their position and influence with policy-makers and corporate partners to accelerate the transition and realize the economic benefits of delivering a safer climate.
Contact us to get involved.
The 46-nation group said last month it was worried about lack of inclusion at COP26, given the barriers to participation.
"We appreciate that it's difficult to organise the COP amid this pandemic, but it doesn't take away what the challenges could be in terms of representation and inclusivity," Kajumba told journalists.