Greenland’s glaciers are melting fast. Recent measurements from the European Space Agency’s CryoSat project showed around a trillion tons of ice was lost between 2011 and 2014.
And, as you would expect, that water goes into the sea. The melt water pouring into the oceans has caused global sea levels to rise at twice the average rate of the preceding two decades.
Source: European Space Agency
CryoSat makes its calculations by measuring the surface height of the Greenland ice sheet and then calculating the volume of the remaining ice.
Another view from space
But CryoSat’s picture of climate change is not the only view from space. NASA’s fleet of GRACE satellites (Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment) monitored the rise and fall of the world’s oceans between April 2002 and July 2013.
The recently released animation of the data gathered shows a dramatic fall in sea levels around Greenland’s coastline.
As NASA’s animation progresses, the sea area around Greenland becomes a vivid shade of red. The suggestion from the modelling is that local sea levels fell by up to 50 millimetres (2 inches) over the course of the study.
The wider picture from the animation shows oceans further afield rising as a result of the melting of the Greenland ice sheet. So what is causing these local variations?
Disappearing ice reduces gravity’s effect on the ocean
"When an ice sheet loses mass, for example, the gravity drops locally (remember that gravity is proportional to mass) - meaning the gravitational attraction between the continent and surrounding ocean diminishes, thus causing the ocean mass to move to the far field," explains NASA's Surendra Adhikari, whose research is behind the animation.
At this stage the suggested fall in sea levels around Greenland is only a mathematical model. The researchers are now planning physical measurements to confirm their findings.
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