The Ocean

Arctic Ocean: Climate change is flooding the remote north with light - and new species

The Arctic Ocean provides a major opportunity for researchers to understand how climate change effects our planet. Image: REUTERS/Kathryn Hansen/NASA

Jørgen Berge

Vice Dean for Research, Arctic and Marine Biology, University of Tromsø

Carlos Duarte

Adjunct professor, King Abdullah University of Science and Technology

Dorte Krause-Jensen

Professor, Marine Ecology, Aarhus University

Karen Filbee-Dexter

Research Fellow in Marine Ecology, Université Laval

Kimberly Howland

Research Scientist/Adjunct University Professor, Université du Québec à Rimouski (UQAR)

Philippe Archambault

Professor & Scientific Director of ArcticNet, Université Laval


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A researcher stands on a ship in the arctic, during the polar night with a flashlight.
The polar night can last for weeks and even months in the high Arctic. Image: Michael O. Snyder, Author provided
A research ship is seen in the arctic ocean at night, with bright lights.
Creatures which have adapted to the polar night over millions of years are now suddenly exposed to artificial light. Image: Michael O. Snyder, Author provided
A research ship is seen in the distance of the arctic among snow.
Research in the Arctic could change considerably over the coming years to reduce light pollution. Image: Michael O. Snyder, Author provided
Underwater sea kelp is shown
Badderlocks, or winged kelp, off the coast of Nunavut in the Canadian Arctic. Image: Ignacio Garrido/ArcticKelp, Author provided
A diver is seen swimming among sea help
A diver explores a four-metre-high sugar kelp forest off Southampton Island, Canada. Image: Ignacio Garrido/ArcticKelp, Author provided
a map showing ocean temperatures while mapping sea kelp forests
Known locations of kelp forests and global trends in predicted average summer surface temperature increase over next two decades, according to IPCC models. Image: Filbee-Dexter et al. (2018), Author provided
A forest of sea kelp attracting lots of marine life
Kelp forests offer lots of nooks and crannies and surfaces to settle on, making them rich in wildlife. Image: Ignacio Garrido/ArcticKelp, Author provided
A crab resting on sea kelp
A crab finds refuge on Laminaria solidungula – the only kelp species endemic to the Arctic. Image: Ignacio Garrido/ArcticKelp, Author provided
A shot of the arctic ocean from the shore
Passengers from a cruise ship arrive in Pond Inlet, Nunavut. Image: Kimberly Howland, Author provided
A research ship is shown by a small ice berg
A cargo ship passes through Milne Inlet, Nunavut. Image: Kimberly Howland, Author provided
a group of searchers examine their samples by the ocean's edge
Members of the 2019 field team from Pond Inlet and Salluit filter eDNA from water samples collected from Milne Inlet. Image: Christopher Mckindsey, Author provided
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Related topics:

The OceanRestoring ocean lifeClimate Change


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